Language boarding schools

Find the top private boarding language schools

Find a list of schools

Language boarding schools offer students the opportunity to live on campus and integrate a new language into their learning experience. Read more


List of boarding language schools

 
FILTERS:
Type
Grades

"La Citadelle's Excellence in Bilingual Education and academically advanced curriculum develop successful global citizens through IB & AP programs and a holistic approach where students achieve their highest potential.

  1. Advanced University Bound Curriculum
  2. Bilingual Education (French & English)
  3. Development of Global Citizenship
  4. AP Program

—From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $15,675 to $31,750
 
Add to shortlist
La Citadelle International Academy of Arts & Science 15675 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Add to shortlist

"TFS - Canada's International School offers an exceptional bilingual education from age 2 to Grade 12. Average class size is 12 to 22 students. Entrance Scholarship to Grade 7 is available." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $24,230 to $41,280
Add to shortlist
TFS - Canada's International School 24230 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Buena Vista Road/Springfield Road
 
Add to shortlist

"Elmwood School is Ottawa's pre-eminent school for girls from PreK to Gr. 12. Our high academic standards, small class sizes and safe, supportive environment ensure that each girl is inspired to reach her full potential." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Girls)
  • Progressive curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $16,970 to $32,800
Add to shortlist
Elmwood School 16970 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Girls
Toronto, Ontario
York Mills/Leslie
 
Add to shortlist

"Hawthorn School is located in Toronto. We offer a co-ed toddler-SK program and an all girls program for grade 1- grade 12. Our unique mentoring program is tailored to help students reach their full potential." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed/Girls)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum
  • $17,000 to $40,000
Add to shortlist
Hawthorn School 17000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Homestay Day Coed Girls
Add to shortlist

"We identify experiences that enhance learning, empowering individuals while fostering a community of collaborative contributors. This is achieved through interdisciplinary projects that are seamlessly integrated." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $9,000 to $16,000
Add to shortlist
Westmont Montessori School 9000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Day Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
St. Laurent Blvd./Montreal Rd.
 
Add to shortlist

"Our mission is personalized student academic success in a friendly and caring school community, in which all students are emotionally supported and socially welcome." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $13,000 to $21,000
Add to shortlist
Académie St-Laurent Academy 13000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Highway 417/Greenbank
 
Add to shortlist

"Acadecap International School (Académie de la Capitale), an IB World School, offers bilingual and/or English programmes from JK to Grade 12. Students thrive in a growth mindset environment and a culture of excellence." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 12 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $20,983 to $26,978
Add to shortlist
Académie de la Capitale 20983 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Iris St/Woodroffe Ave
 
Add to shortlist

"Empowering girls from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8 through bilingual education." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 8 (Girls)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $18,300
Add to shortlist
Joan of Arc Academy | Academie Jeanne d'Arc 18300 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Girls
Add to shortlist

"Calgary French & International School's immersive language learning environment and enriched curriculum inspires a deep curiosity, respect and exploration of the world for children aged 19 months to 18 years." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $9,200 to $19,600
Add to shortlist
Calgary French & International School 9200 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Fort Erie, Ontario
Central Avenue/Wintemute Street
 
Add to shortlist

"FEIA's environment fosters global awareness and advances our student body into responsible and globally aware citizens who are well-equipped for life beyond academics." —From the school

  • Gr. 6 to 12 (Coed)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum
  • $10,000 to $55,850
  • Day, Boarding
  • 215 students
Add to shortlist
Fort Erie International Academy 10000 MiddleSchools HighSchools Boarding Day Coed
Montreal, Quebec
Sherbrooke/Atwater
 
Add to shortlist

"Students thrive in an inclusive, structured learning environment that provides academic accommodations for all learners. We help students become autonomous, resilient lifelong learners!" —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 11 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $23,115
Add to shortlist
Centennial Academy 23115 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Mississauga, Ontario
Glen Erin/Dundas
 
Add to shortlist

"Kaban Montessori School is a CCMA accredited school in the west area of Mississauga . Our environments foster each child's interests and abilities while supporting them to achieve their full potential." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 6 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $17,000 to $18,000
Add to shortlist
Kaban Montessori School 17000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Place Lycée Pl./Ruelle Hinks Lane
 
Add to shortlist

"Our goal is to nurture curious spirits, which is why we value a multilingual pedagogy that encourages both French immersion and a wide selection of langage courses. French and excellence are our priorities." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $14,041 to $15,885
Add to shortlist
Lycée Claudel 14041 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Alta Vista Drive/Industrial Road
 
Add to shortlist

"OMS Montessori is a non for profit, independent school offering separate French and English programs within a world class Montessori environment." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 6 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $9,763 to $17,524
Add to shortlist
OMS Montessori 9763 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Montreal, Quebec
Atwater/Docteur-Penfield
 
Add to shortlist

"Since 1861, The Sacred Heart School of Montreal, the city’s only all-girls English Catholic high school, has been preparing girls to change the world. We offer grades 7 to 12, day school and boarding." —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 12 (Girls)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $21,790 to $47,559
Add to shortlist
The Sacred Heart School of Montreal 21790 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Boarding Day Girls
Richmond Hill, Ontario
Major Mackenzie/Bayview Avenue
 
Add to shortlist

"Richmond Hill Montessori Private School offers programs from pre-school to grade eight. Its average class size is 20 students." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 8 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum; Montessori
  • $25,800 to $27,500
  • Day school
  • 600 students
Add to shortlist
Richmond Hill Montessori Private School 25800 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Westmount, Quebec
Mount Pleasant Avenue/Cedar Avenue
 
Add to shortlist

"Located in Montreal, QC, Miss Edgar’s & Miss Cramp’s School offers a bilingual education for girls from K-11. From entrepreneurship to STEM, our unique learning environment empowers girls to lead the way." —From the school

  • Gr. K to 11 (Girls)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $24,000 to $29,300
Add to shortlist
Miss Edgar's & Miss Cramp's School 24000 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Girls
Whitchurch-stouffville, Ontario
Ninth Line/Main Street
 
Add to shortlist

"Toronto French Montessori offers French and English programs from pre-school to grade 8 in North York, and Toddler programs in Stouffville. Its average class size is 15 students." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 8 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $7,620 to $16,350
Add to shortlist
Toronto French Montessori 7620 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Day Coed
Riverview, New Brunswick
 
Add to shortlist

"Focusing on balancing academic and intellectual growth with physical and mental well-being, we engage students in a culture of collaboration and wellness through our world-class academic program." —From the school

  • Gr. K to 8 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $15,900
  • Day school
  • 33 students
Add to shortlist
Eastgate Academy 15900 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Kanata, Ontario
Eagleson Road/Stonehaven Drive
 
Add to shortlist

"For 50 years, Kanata Montessori has offered excellent learning environments for students to grow emotionally, socially and academically into a positive global citizen." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 12 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $16,750 to $22,500
Add to shortlist
Kanata Montessori 16750 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Baseline Rd./Woodroffe Ave.
 
Add to shortlist

"Bishop Hamilton Montessori School, a not-for-profit independent school in Ottawa, provides an authentic Christian Montessori approach for children 3 months to 14 years." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 8 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $6,183 to $22,970
Add to shortlist
Bishop Hamilton Montessori School 6183 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Westmount, Quebec
The Boulevard/Place Braeside
 
Add to shortlist

"The Study, founded in 1915, is one of Canada's premier all-girls' schools. Our bilingual mother-tongue program, experiential learning, and small classes help girls become leaders who are driven to make a difference." —From the school

  • Gr. K to 11 (Girls)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $27,780 to $31,150
Add to shortlist
The Study 27780 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Girls
Ottawa, Ontario
Mariposa Avenue/Springfield
 
Add to shortlist

"This traditional private school in Ottawa, Ontario offers Grades 4 to 12 with 100 boarding and 600 day school students. Tuition is from $36,250 to $80,670." —From the school

  • Gr. 4 to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $36,250 to $80,670
Add to shortlist
Ashbury College 36250 MiddleSchools HighSchools Homestay Boarding Day Coed
Toronto, Ontario
Prince Edward Dr N/Bloor Street West
 
Add to shortlist

"Prince Edward Montessori School offers programs for various grades in Toronto. Its average class size is ten to 16 students. " —From the school

  • Gr. NS to SK (Coed)
  • Montessori approach
  • $7,325 to $14,934
  • Day school
  • 100 students
Add to shortlist
Prince Edward Montessori School 7325 Preschool Kindergarten Day Coed
Burlington, Ontario
North Service Road/King Road
 
Add to shortlist

"Fern Hill School provides an engaging & rigorous academic program for children from Preschool to Grade 8. Our traditional and structured approach focuses on developing intellectual curiosity, creativity & confidence." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 8 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $24,684 to $26,681
Add to shortlist
Fern Hill School - Burlington 24684 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Kirkland, Quebec
Rue Edmond/Ch Ste-Marie
 
Add to shortlist

"Kuper Academy offers programs from pre-school to grade eleven in Kirkland. Its average class size is 22 students." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $2,133 to $18,000
Add to shortlist
Kuper Academy 2133 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Calgary, Alberta
Blackfoot Trail S.E/Glenmore Trail
 
Add to shortlist

"With 100% post-secondary acceptance, WIC empowers students to follow their passions, be creative and embrace challenges. A rigorous curriculum along with hands-on learning ensures a well-rounded experience for students." —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $21,596
Add to shortlist
West Island College (Calgary) 21596 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Oakville, Ontario
QEW/Ford Drive / Ninth Line
 
Add to shortlist

"La Villa Montessori is an AMI recognized school that adheres to Dr. Montessori's principles. We provide a nurturing environment that fulfills the child's emotional, social, physical and intellectual needs." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 6 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $6,000 to $18,500
Add to shortlist
La Villa Montessori School 6000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Markham, Ontario
Brimley Road/14th Ave South
 
Add to shortlist

"Established in 1974, Somerset Academy is an independent, not-for-profit private school that provides education to students in JK Grades 8. Somerset Academy has an average class size of 13 to 18 students." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 8 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $12,850 to $15,600
  • Day school
  • 0 students
Add to shortlist
Somerset Academy 12850 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Mississauga, Ontario
Cawthra/Lakeshore
 
Add to shortlist

"TFS - Canada's International School (West Campus) offers the Ontario, France and IB programs from Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 7 in Mississauga. We are bilingual, coed, non-denominational and and IB World School." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 7 (Coed)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $23,160 to $33,410
  • Day school
  • 200 students
Add to shortlist
TFS - Canada's International School (West Campus) 23160 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Toronto, Ontario
Leslie Street/York Mills Road
 
Add to shortlist

"The Giles School has small class sizes, leadership programs and intensive STEAM learning that support both immersion and introductory language programming in English, French and Mandarin." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 8 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $23,000 to $25,000
Add to shortlist
The Giles School 23000 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Toronto, Ontario
Bayview Ave/Broadway Ave
 
Add to shortlist

"A daily goal is for our children to arrive at school excited for the day ahead. Aside from our excellent academic programs, we plan many fun events for the children to enjoy throughout the school year." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 2 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum; Reggio Emilia
  • $8,500 to $24,000
Add to shortlist
Children's Garden Nursery School 8500 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Richmond Hill, Ontario
 
Add to shortlist

"HTS offers a remarkable opportunity for students from JK-12 to shape their own experience through our comprehensive academic and co-curricular programming, led by our incredible faculty and staff." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 12 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $33,825
  • Day school
  • 830 students
Add to shortlist
Holy Trinity School 33825 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Halifax, Nova Scotia
 
Add to shortlist

"With a global network of schools around the world, a rich and proud history, and a strong and unique set of core values, Sacred Heart offers not just an education but an experience that is unparalleled in Nova Scotia." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 12 (Girls/Coed/Boys)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $15,230 to $21,340
Add to shortlist
Sacred Heart School of Halifax 15230 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Day Day Girls Coed Boys
Ottawa, Ontario
Bank/Heron
 
Add to shortlist

"Westboro Academy is a proud leader in bilingual education for young learners from Kindergarten to Grade 8. Give your child a lifetime of excellence with Ottawa's most personalized, truly bilingual education." —From the school

  • Gr. JK to 8 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $17,500
Add to shortlist
Académie Westboro Academy 17500 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Laval, Quebec
 
Add to shortlist

"NSAL is the only private English high school on Montreal's North Shore. We offer small classroom sizes and an enriched curriculum. We teach not only for school but for life. Certificate of eligibility not required." —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $15,400 to $23,850
Add to shortlist
North Star Academy 15400 MiddleSchools HighSchools Boarding Day Coed
Montreal, Quebec
 
Add to shortlist

"Our community inspires students to discover joy and passion in their learning, purpose in their lives, and the confidence to express their unique selves in a nurturing, inclusive, and collaborative environment." —From the school

  • Gr. K to 11 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $21,286 to $55,280
  • Day, Homestay
  • 470 students
Add to shortlist
St. George's School of Montreal 21286 Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Homestay Coed
Sudbury, Ontario
Attlee Street/Dublin Street
 
Add to shortlist

"Total student growth -- academically, athletically, spiritually, and with a heart for community." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 8 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $4,950 to $7,950
  • Day school
  • 150 students
Add to shortlist
Sudbury Christian Academy 4950 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Ottawa, Ontario
Donald St/Frances St
 
Add to shortlist

"Promote academic excellence that stimulates the acquisition of language skills, the development of scientific and artistic competencies as well as the formation of a critical mind, in a multicultural environment." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 8 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $10,670 to $12,320
Add to shortlist
Academie Providence 10670 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Whitby, Ontario
Brock Street South/Dundas Streer West
 
Add to shortlist

"The Hatch House Montessori School is a very child centered school where each student is respected for their uniqueness and is guided through learning accordingly. Ask about our unique, fully bilingual elementary program." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 8 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $12,250 to $15,750
  • Day school
  • 0 students
Add to shortlist
Hatch House Montessori School 12250 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools Day Coed
Calgary, Alberta
Garrison Blvd SW/33 Ave SW
 
Add to shortlist

"Experience exceptional education in Calgary with dual French Ministry & Alberta Education curricula from Preschool to Grade 12. Small classes, open to all linguistic backgrounds & dynamic study abroad network. Join us !" —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $17,190 to $34,950
Add to shortlist
Lycée international de Calgary 17190 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Homestay Coed
Rigaud, Quebec
Rue Saint-Pierre/Rue Bourget
 
Add to shortlist

"Collège Bourget is a day & boarding school located between Montreal and Ottawa. French and English high school programs are offered. Bourget aims to foster personal autonomy, academic development, and perseverance." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $5,165 to $33,180
Add to shortlist
College Bourget 5165 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Boarding Day Coed
Baie-D'Urfé, Montreal, Quebec
rue Victoria/rue Normandy
 
Add to shortlist

"The Alexander von Humboldt German International School Montreal is a multilingual (German, English and French), private, co-educational school serving students from preschool to grade 12." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $9,950 to $12,950
Add to shortlist
Alexander von Humboldt German International School 9950 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Sherbrooke, Quebec
 
Add to shortlist

"Bishop's College School is an English boarding and day school for students in grades 7 through 12. Small in size and culturally diverse, BCS is an IB World School offering the IB Diploma Programme and Canadian curricula." —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum; International Baccalaureate
  • $32,900 to $83,100
Add to shortlist
Bishop's College School 32900 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Boarding Coed
Montreal (DDO), Quebec
 
Add to shortlist

"West Island College offers French and French Immersion programs from grades 7 to 11 in Montreal. It is a leader in innovative teaching methods. The average class size of 24 students." —From the school

  • Gr. 7 to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $16,220
  • Day school
  • 470 students
Add to shortlist
West Island College (Montreal) 16220 MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Montreal, Quebec
The Boulevard/Côte-des-Neiges Road
 
Add to shortlist

"The Priory School specializes in early childhood education, a place where childhood is cherished, and where meaningful learning takes place in an enriched and nurturing learning environment." —From the school

  • Gr. K to 6 (Coed)
  • Progressive curriculum
  • $20,515 to $22,435
Add to shortlist
The Priory School 20515 Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Toronto, Ontario
Dufferin/Eglinton
 
Add to shortlist

"Infusing the French Ministry of Education's excellence with Toronto's cultural richness, our school cultivates trilingual proficiency, propelling students toward admission to top universities worldwide" —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Traditional curriculum
  • $21,300 to $24,000
Add to shortlist
Lycée Français de Toronto 21300 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Pickering, Ontario
Kingston/Altona
 
Add to shortlist

"École Montessori is Durham Region's premier French private school dedicated to transforming your child into a bilingual critical thinker with our enriched curriculum that fosters the genius within each student." —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 6 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $8,400 to $21,000
Add to shortlist
École Montessori 8400 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed
Toronto, Ontario
University Ave./Dundas street
 
Add to shortlist

"Cornerstone students love to shape the future. They INSPIRE learning, DISCOVER their potential, EMPOWER themselves to be innovative citizens. Our boundless learning strategies open doors for successful learning." —From the school

  • Gr. PS to 12 (Coed)
  • Liberal Arts curriculum; Montessori
  • $15,800 to $26,000
Add to shortlist
Cornerstone Montessori Prep School 15800 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary MiddleSchools HighSchools Day Coed
Markham, Ontario
Denison/Warden
 
Add to shortlist

"Our curriculum are designed to build essential skills and concepts that help with the cognitive, social, creative, emotional, and physical development of your child with the aim to be a successful learner for life!" —From the school

  • Gr. NS to 3 (Coed)
  • Montessori curriculum
  • $10,500 to $16,500
Add to shortlist
Sunrise Montessori School 10500 Preschool Kindergarten Elementary Day Coed

At language schools, students will be able broaden their vocabulary, reading and writing skills in a language other than English. Learning a second language can help improves brain development, memory, cognitive learning and produce students who become flexible thinkers and exhibit greater problem-solving abilities.  

When at boarding schools, students find themselves in a unique setting where education co-exists with a comfortable lifestyle where extracurricular activities are available for students to get involved in.

In the spotlight:


Latest Articles

Regina Christian schools  
Find the top private and independent Christian schools in Regina (May 16, 2024)

Concord private schools  
Find the top private and independent schools in Concord (May 16, 2024)

Kimberley private schools  
Find the top private and independent schools in Kimberley (May 16, 2024)

Riverview private schools  
Find the top private and independent schools in Riverview (May 16, 2024)

Balancing academics and social-emotional well-being  
The art of providing holistic learning environments for teens (May 13, 2024)

x

By logging in or creating an account, you agree to Our Kids' Terms and Conditions. Information presented on this page may be paid advertising provided by the advertisers [schools/camps/programs] and is not warranted or guaranteed by OurKids.net or its associated websites. By using this website, creating or logging into an Our Kids account, you agree to Our Kids' Terms and Conditions. Please also see our Privacy Policy. Our Kids ™ © 2023 All right reserved.